Millstone images  - more domes                            Home     Millstone page

A domed millstone on the NE side of Carl Wark - classic Derbyshire "Grey" .  Boulders were worked by individuals (or small groups) where they were found - this one, around 2 metres in diameter, will weigh over 2 tons and is on a steep slope. Dating domed stones is problematic, but it seems likely their use finished in the early 18th century. They can be found in a variety of states, from crude rough-outs through to ready to go, as here.  The hole or more correctly, "eye" was sometimes chipped through right at the start, but sometimes millers specified that they would cut it on delivery, and moving a stone without an eye must have been very difficult.

Stones are often marked with W (as in this case on Gardom's Edge) or X marks. Perhaps the mark of the mason, more probably the mark of the miller or merchant who had bought it - contracts with millers in the English midlands were sometimes made on site.  Or maybe a mark of something else entirely...

"1622" is carved into a face on Froggat Edge, close to some abandoned domed millstones.  Perhaps a terminal date for the quarry and a date for domed millstones?  maybe....

Gardoms Edge - this time the upper, domed side was completed first, then the boulder was turned over onto the chock and the working face finished  - but at some stage several chords have broken off - accident or deliberate destruction?

Gardoms Edge - an apparently perfect domed millstone - until a section broke off.

An old domed millstone on Gardoms Edge. Many domed millstones have a single section broken off (see above) and it is usually assumed these were accidents that occurred during manufacture, but this stone shows something more sinister. This stone was fully formed and then had at least 3 chords broken off - unlikely to be the work of the millstone maker, who would surely have given up after the first break.

A domed millstone at the site of an old mill at Hulme End - a very rare sight; domes went out of use in the mid 18th century and this is the only example I know of a domed millstone at a mill (other than the beveled 19th century stone at Stainsby).  Let me know if you have seen another:

semi dome
A rare intermediate on Curbar Edge  - a combination of dome and square edge.Appears fully formed, complete with eye, but a singleton - no sign of a bed stone.

Copyright @ 2007 Stephen N.Wood. All rights reserved.